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native

Android Tutorial

This tutorial demonstrates how to add user login, logout, and profile to a Native Android application.

This tutorial shows how to use PlusAuth with Native Android Application. If you do not have a PlusAuth account, register from here.

This tutorial follows the plusauth-android-starter sample project on Github. You can download and follow the tutorial via the sample project.

Create PlusAuth Client

After you sign up or log in to PlusAuth, you need to create a client to get the necessary configuration keys in the dashboard. Go to Clients and create a client with the type of Native Application

Configure Client

Get Client Properties

You will need your Client Id for interacting with PlusAuth. You can retrieve them from the created client's details.

Configure Redirect and Logout URIs

When PlusAuth authenticates a user, it needs a URI to redirect back. That URI must be in your client's Redirect URI list. If your application uses a redirect URI that is not white-listed in your PlusAuth Client, you will receive an error.

The same thing applies to the logout URIs. After the user logs out, you need a URI to be redirected.

If you are following the sample project, the Redirect URL you need to add to the Redirect URIs field is com.plusauth.androidexample:/callback. The Logout URL you need to add to the Post Logout Redirect URIs field is the same as the Redirect URI field that is com.plusauth.androidexample:/callback.

Configure Android to use PlusAuth

Create an Android application or download the sample project from the link on the top of the page. In this tutorial, we will be using plusauth-oidc-android but you could use any OpenID Connect library.

Before starting to configure your application, make sure that android.permission.INTERNET permission is added to your AndroidManifest.xml file.

<uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />

Add Dependencies

Add following dependencies to your app's build.gradle file:

dependencies {
  implementation 'androidx.appcompat:appcompat:1.2.0'
  implementation 'androidx.constraintlayout:constraintlayout:1.1.3'
  implementation 'com.plusauth.android:oidc:0.1.10'
  // ... other libraries
}
plusauth-oidc-android is an OpenID Connect (OIDC) and OAuth2 library for native Android applications. You can find source code and documentation on Github.

Do not forget to add compileOptions to the build.gradle file to use Java 8 or higher as the target Java version.

android {
  compileOptions {
    sourceCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
    targetCompatibility JavaVersion.VERSION_1_8
  }
}

Configure PlusAuth OIDC Client

We need to initialize our OIDC Client library to handle authentication-related operations. Create PlusAuthInstance.java in the root folder. Configure plusauth-oidc-android as follows:

// com/plusauth/androidexample/PlusAuthInstance.java

public class PlusAuthInstance {

  private static OIDC plusAuth;

  public static OIDC get(Context context) {
    if (plusAuth == null) {
      plusAuth = OIDCBuilder(context, "<YOUR_CLIENT_ID>", "https://<YOUR_TENANT_ID>.plusauth.com")
              .setLoggingEnabled(true)
              .build();
    }
    return plusAuth;
  }
}

You may have noticed that the Client Id defined in the Configure Client section is used here. If you have used different value make sure to update this file accordingly.

Implement login, user profile, and logout

We will be adding activities to interact with PlusAuth Instance. Do not forget to add the following activities to your AndroidManifest.xml file.

Create Login Activity

Create LoginActivity.java that is our main activity at the root of the project. Create a PlusAuth client instance and initialize it.

// com/plusauth/androidexample/LoginActivity.java

public class LoginActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final String TAG = "LoginActivity";
    Button buttonLogin, buttonLogout, buttonProfile;
    TextView usernameTextview;
    OIDC plusAuth;

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_login);
        
        // Create PlusAuth instance to initialize auth
        plusAuth = PlusAuthInstance.get(this);
    }
}

Add the following section to your activity to make a login request to PlusAuth:

// LoginActivity.java

// Make a login request with scopes
plusAuth.login(this, new LoginRequest().setScope("openid profile email"), new AuthenticationCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onSuccess(Credentials credentials) {
        Log.d(TAG, "User Authenticated");
    }

    @Override
    public void onFailure(AuthenticationException e) {
        Log.e(TAG, "Login failed", e);
    }
});

You can get authenticated user info by adding the following section:

// LoginActivity.java

if(plusAuth.getCredentialsManager().hasValidCredentials()) {
    plusAuth.getApi().userInfo().call(new PACallback<UserProfile, AuthenticationException>() {
        @Override
        public void onSuccess(UserProfile userProfile) {
            Log.d(TAG, "UserInfo: " + userProfile.toString());
        }

        @Override
        public void onFailure(AuthenticationException e) {
            Log.e(TAG, "User Info request failed", e);
        }
    });
}

Finally, add the following section to your activity to log out from the application and PlusAuth:

// LoginActivity.java

plusAuth.logout(this, new LogoutRequest(), new VoidCallback() {
    @Override
    public void onSuccess(Void aVoid) {
        Log.d(TAG, "User logged out successfully");
    }

    @Override
    public void onFailure(AuthenticationException e) {
        Log.e(TAG, "Logout failed", e);
    }
});

Now create activity_login.xml file under res/layout folder.

<!-- res/layout/activity_login.xml -->

<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto"  xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent">


    <!-- Add Toolbar -->

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginTop="64dp">

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/title_plusauth"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:text="Welcome to PlusAuth Android Demo!" />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textview_username"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_below="@+id/title_plusauth" />

        <!-- Add other views of activity-->

    </RelativeLayout>

</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

Create Profile Activity

Create ProfileActivity.java at the root of the project.

// com/plusauth/androidexample/ProfileActivity.java

public class ProfileActivity extends AppCompatActivity {

    private static final String TAG = "ProfileActivity";

    @Override
    protected void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
        super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
        setContentView(R.layout.activity_profile);

        // Get PlusAuth instance
        OIDC plusAuth = PlusAuthInstance.get(this);
        Button backButton = findViewById(R.id.button_back);
        TextView userInfoTextview = findViewById(R.id.textview_user_info);

        plusAuth.getApi().userInfo().call(new PACallback<UserProfile, AuthenticationException>() {
            @Override
            public void onSuccess(UserProfile userProfile) {
                runOnUiThread(() -> {
                    userInfoTextview.setText(userProfile.toString());
                });
            }

            @Override
            public void onFailure(AuthenticationException e) {
                Log.e(TAG, "Could not get profile", e);
            }
        });

        backButton.setOnClickListener(v -> {
            finish();
        });
    }
}

Finally, create the activity_profile.xml file under the res/layout folder.

<!-- res/layout/activity_profile.xml -->

<androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout xmlns:android="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res/android"
    xmlns:app="http://schemas.android.com/apk/res-auto" xmlns:tools="http://schemas.android.com/tools"
    android:layout_width="match_parent" android:layout_height="match_parent" >

    <!-- Add Toolbar -->

    <RelativeLayout
        android:layout_width="match_parent"
        android:layout_height="match_parent"
        android:layout_marginTop="64dp">

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textview_title"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_marginTop="16dp"
            android:text="USER PROFILE"  />

        <TextView
            android:id="@+id/textview_user_info"
            android:layout_width="match_parent"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_below="@+id/textview_title"
            android:layout_margin="16dp"
            tools:text="[account information]" />

        <Button
            android:id="@+id/button_back"
            android:layout_width="wrap_content"
            android:layout_height="wrap_content"
            android:layout_alignParentBottom="true"
            android:layout_marginBottom="24dp"
            android:layout_centerHorizontal="true"
            android:text="Go Back" />

    </RelativeLayout>

</androidx.constraintlayout.widget.ConstraintLayout>

See it in action

That's it. Start your app and point to your device or emulator. Follow the Log In link to log in or sign up to your PlusAuth tenant. After you click the Login button, the browser launches and shows the PlusAuth Login page. Upon successful login or signup, you should be redirected back to the application.